Assessment of extraction methods for microcystin-LR fromMicrocystis aeruginosa


Cultured Microcystis aeruginosa cells were filtered through preweighed glass fibre filters (GF/C 47 mm dia. - Whatman) and dried in a vacuum desiccator overnight at room temperature (approx. 22 degrees C). Filters were reweighed the following morning and extracted in one of five extraction solvents for assessment (2 filters per solvent, 2.0 ml of solvent per filter). The solvents used were as follows;

Filters were extracted for one hour with shaking and 1.0 ml of each extract was filtered for analysis by HPLC. The remaining liquid in each tube was discarded and an additional 2.0 ml of the appropriate solvent added to each of the filters. Again, extraction was for one hour with shaking. The proceedure was repeated until each filter had been extracted three times in 2.0 ml of one of the five solvents.

For the sake of simplicity (and the absence of more microcystin standards) the extraction of microcystin-LR by each solvent was analysed. The results are summarized in the tables below.

Percent of microcystin-LR extracted per extraction using the solvents listed above
Solvent1st2nd 3rd
80% Ethanol10000
5% Acetic acid000
50% Methanol84.610.45.0
100% H2O82.912.84.3

Relative microcystin-LR extraction efficiency of each solvent compared to n-Butanol:Methanol:Water (100%). That is, the total amount of microcystin-LR extracted using each solvent, relative to the amount extracted using n-Butanol:Methanol:Water.
SolventExtraction efficiency
(% But:Meth:H2O)
80% Ethanol31.9
5% Acetic acid0.0
50% Methanol98.7
100% H2O77.4

It is interesting to note that 80% Ethanol extracted only two major compounds from the strain of M. aeruginosa used in this experiment. Water extracted three major compounds, whereas the Butanol:Methanol:Water mix extracted four major peaks and 50% Methanol, five.