The Cyanobacteria and Their Taxonomy

After Stanier (1977)

See also the newer taxonomic scheme based on Rippka et al. 1979

Subgroup Chroococcacean

This subgroup includes the unicellular rods and cocci.

Synechococcus including Anacystis nidulans
Synechocystis
Chamaesiphon
Gloeobacter
Gloeothece
Microcystis
Aphanothece

Subgroup Pleurocapsalean

This subgroup includes unicellular cyanobacteria bound into aggregates by shared outer wall layers.

Dermocarpa
Dermocarpella
Chroococcidiopsis
Myxosarcina
Xenococcus
Pleurocapsa

Subgroup Oscillatorian

This subgroup includes the trichomatous cells that do not form heterocysts

Oscillatoria
Spirulina
Pseudoanabaena
Lyngbya
Phormidium
Plectonema
Trichodesmium

Subgroup Nostocacean

This subgroup is heterocystous and includes organisms forming trichomes of even width.

Anabaena
Nostoc

Subgroup Rivularean

This subgroup is heterocystous and includes organisms forming trichomes that taper, with heterocysts that form at the thicker end of the trichome.

Calothrix

Subgroup Stigonematalean

This subgroup is heterocystous and includes organisms forming trichomes that branch.

Fischerella
Chlorogloea or Chlorogloeopsis

Genera of uncertain affiliation

Aphanothece
Aphanocapsa
Cylindrospermum

References

Stanier, R. Y., & Cohen-Bazire, G. (1977). Phototrophic Prokaryotes: The Cyanobacteria. In M. P. Starr, J. L. Ingraham, & A. Balows (Eds.), Annual Review of Microbiology (pp. 225-274). Palo Alto, CA: Annual Reviews Inc.
Inherited from Cyanolab (now off-line) as prepared by Jon Moulton.