Cultured Microcystis aeruginosa cells were filtered through preweighed glass fibre filters (GF/C 47 mm dia. - Whatman) and dried in a vacuum desiccator overnight at room temperature (approx. 22 degrees C). Filters were reweighed the following morning and extracted in one of five extraction solvents for assessment (2 filters per solvent, 2.0 ml of solvent per filter). The solvents used were as follows;
(2) 5% Acetic acid : 95% Milli-Q H2O
(3) 50% Methanol : 50% Milli-Q H2O
(4) 100% Milli-Q H2O
(5) 5% n-Butanol : 20% Methanol : 75% Milli-Q H2O
Filters were extracted for one hour with shaking and 1.0 ml of each extract was filtered for analysis by HPLC. The remaining liquid in each tube was discarded and an additional 2.0 ml of the appropriate solvent added to each of the filters. Again, extraction was for one hour with shaking. The proceedure was repeated until each filter had been extracted three times in 2.0 ml of one of the five solvents.
For the sake of simplicity (and the absence of more microcystin standards) the extraction of microcystin-LR by each solvent was analysed. The results are summarised in the tables below.
|5% Acetic acid||0||0||0|
|5% Acetic acid||0.0|
It is interesting to note that 80% Ethanol extracted only two major compounds from the strain of M. aeruginosa used in this experiment. Water extracted three major compounds, whereas the Butanol:Methanol:Water mix extracted four major peaks and 50% Methanol, five. (I hope to scan in a few chromatograms of each extraction solvent for you all to see... stay tuned).
Any comments, please e-mail me.
School of Botany
La Trobe University